Form表单

高性能表单控件,自带数据域管理。包含数据录入、校验以及对应样式。

何时使用#

  • 用于创建一个实体或收集信息。

  • 需要对输入的数据类型进行校验时。

代码演示

基本的表单数据域控制展示,包含布局、初始化、验证、提交。

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import { Button, Checkbox, Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Success:', values);
  };

  const onFinishFailed = (errorInfo: any) => {
    console.log('Failed:', errorInfo);
  };

  return (
    <Form
      name="basic"
      labelCol={{ span: 8 }}
      wrapperCol={{ span: 16 }}
      initialValues={{ remember: true }}
      onFinish={onFinish}
      onFinishFailed={onFinishFailed}
      autoComplete="off"
    >
      <Form.Item
        label="Username"
        name="username"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your username!' }]}
      >
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        label="Password"
        name="password"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your password!' }]}
      >
        <Input.Password />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item name="remember" valuePropName="checked" wrapperCol={{ offset: 8, span: 16 }}>
        <Checkbox>Remember me</Checkbox>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item wrapperCol={{ offset: 8, span: 16 }}>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
Select a option and change input text above

通过 Form.useForm 对表单数据域进行交互。

注意 useFormReact Hooks 的实现,只能用于函数组件,class 组件请查看下面的例子。

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import { Button, Form, Input, Select } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const layout = {
  labelCol: { span: 8 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 16 },
};
const tailLayout = {
  wrapperCol: { offset: 8, span: 16 },
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();

  const onGenderChange = (value: string) => {
    switch (value) {
      case 'male':
        form.setFieldsValue({ note: 'Hi, man!' });
        return;
      case 'female':
        form.setFieldsValue({ note: 'Hi, lady!' });
        return;
      case 'other':
        form.setFieldsValue({ note: 'Hi there!' });
    }
  };

  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log(values);
  };

  const onReset = () => {
    form.resetFields();
  };

  const onFill = () => {
    form.setFieldsValue({
      note: 'Hello world!',
      gender: 'male',
    });
  };

  return (
    <Form {...layout} form={form} name="control-hooks" onFinish={onFinish}>
      <Form.Item name="note" label="Note" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item name="gender" label="Gender" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
        <Select
          placeholder="Select a option and change input text above"
          onChange={onGenderChange}
          allowClear
        >
          <Option value="male">male</Option>
          <Option value="female">female</Option>
          <Option value="other">other</Option>
        </Select>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item
        noStyle
        shouldUpdate={(prevValues, currentValues) => prevValues.gender !== currentValues.gender}
      >
        {({ getFieldValue }) =>
          getFieldValue('gender') === 'other' ? (
            <Form.Item name="customizeGender" label="Customize Gender" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
              <Input />
            </Form.Item>
          ) : null
        }
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item {...tailLayout}>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
        <Button htmlType="button" onClick={onReset}>
          Reset
        </Button>
        <Button type="link" htmlType="button" onClick={onFill}>
          Fill form
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
#components-form-demo-control-hooks .ant-btn {
  margin-right: 8px;
}
Select a option and change input text above

我们推荐使用 Form.useForm 创建表单数据域进行控制。如果是在 class component 下,你也可以通过 ref 获取数据域。

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import { Button, Form, Input, Select } from 'antd';
import type { FormInstance } from 'antd/es/form';
import React from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const layout = {
  labelCol: { span: 8 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 16 },
};
const tailLayout = {
  wrapperCol: { offset: 8, span: 16 },
};

class App extends React.Component {
  formRef = React.createRef<FormInstance>();

  onGenderChange = (value: string) => {
    switch (value) {
      case 'male':
        this.formRef.current!.setFieldsValue({ note: 'Hi, man!' });
        return;
      case 'female':
        this.formRef.current!.setFieldsValue({ note: 'Hi, lady!' });
        return;
      case 'other':
        this.formRef.current!.setFieldsValue({ note: 'Hi there!' });
    }
  };

  onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log(values);
  };

  onReset = () => {
    this.formRef.current!.resetFields();
  };

  onFill = () => {
    this.formRef.current!.setFieldsValue({
      note: 'Hello world!',
      gender: 'male',
    });
  };

  render() {
    return (
      <Form {...layout} ref={this.formRef} name="control-ref" onFinish={this.onFinish}>
        <Form.Item name="note" label="Note" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
          <Input />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item name="gender" label="Gender" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
          <Select
            placeholder="Select a option and change input text above"
            onChange={this.onGenderChange}
            allowClear
          >
            <Option value="male">male</Option>
            <Option value="female">female</Option>
            <Option value="other">other</Option>
          </Select>
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item
          noStyle
          shouldUpdate={(prevValues, currentValues) => prevValues.gender !== currentValues.gender}
        >
          {({ getFieldValue }) =>
            getFieldValue('gender') === 'other' ? (
              <Form.Item
                name="customizeGender"
                label="Customize Gender"
                rules={[{ required: true }]}
              >
                <Input />
              </Form.Item>
            ) : null
          }
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item {...tailLayout}>
          <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
            Submit
          </Button>
          <Button htmlType="button" onClick={this.onReset}>
            Reset
          </Button>
          <Button type="link" htmlType="button" onClick={this.onFill}>
            Fill form
          </Button>
        </Form.Item>
      </Form>
    );
  }
}

export default App;
#components-form-demo-control-ref .ant-btn {
  margin-right: 8px;
}

表单有三种布局。

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import { Button, Form, Input, Radio } from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

type LayoutType = Parameters<typeof Form>[0]['layout'];

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();
  const [formLayout, setFormLayout] = useState<LayoutType>('horizontal');

  const onFormLayoutChange = ({ layout }: { layout: LayoutType }) => {
    setFormLayout(layout);
  };

  const formItemLayout =
    formLayout === 'horizontal'
      ? {
          labelCol: { span: 4 },
          wrapperCol: { span: 14 },
        }
      : null;

  const buttonItemLayout =
    formLayout === 'horizontal'
      ? {
          wrapperCol: { span: 14, offset: 4 },
        }
      : null;

  return (
    <Form
      {...formItemLayout}
      layout={formLayout}
      form={form}
      initialValues={{ layout: formLayout }}
      onValuesChange={onFormLayoutChange}
    >
      <Form.Item label="Form Layout" name="layout">
        <Radio.Group value={formLayout}>
          <Radio.Button value="horizontal">Horizontal</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="vertical">Vertical</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="inline">Inline</Radio.Button>
        </Radio.Group>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Field A">
        <Input placeholder="input placeholder" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Field B">
        <Input placeholder="input placeholder" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item {...buttonItemLayout}>
        <Button type="primary">Submit</Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

设置表单组件禁用,仅对 antd 组件有效。

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import React, { useState } from 'react';
import {
  Form,
  Input,
  Button,
  Radio,
  Select,
  Cascader,
  DatePicker,
  InputNumber,
  TreeSelect,
  Switch,
  Checkbox,
} from 'antd';

const { RangePicker } = DatePicker;
const { TextArea } = Input;

const FormDisabledDemo = () => {
  const [componentDisabled, setComponentDisabled] = useState<boolean>(true);
  const onFormLayoutChange = ({ disabled }: { disabled: boolean }) => {
    setComponentDisabled(disabled);
  };

  return (
    <Form
      labelCol={{ span: 4 }}
      wrapperCol={{ span: 14 }}
      layout="horizontal"
      initialValues={{ disabled: componentDisabled }}
      onValuesChange={onFormLayoutChange}
      disabled={componentDisabled}
    >
      <Form.Item label="Form disabled" name="disabled" valuePropName="checked">
        <Checkbox>disabled</Checkbox>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Radio">
        <Radio.Group>
          <Radio value="apple"> Apple </Radio>
          <Radio value="pear"> Pear </Radio>
        </Radio.Group>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Input">
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Select">
        <Select>
          <Select.Option value="demo">Demo</Select.Option>
        </Select>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="TreeSelect">
        <TreeSelect
          treeData={[
            { title: 'Light', value: 'light', children: [{ title: 'Bamboo', value: 'bamboo' }] },
          ]}
        />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Cascader">
        <Cascader
          options={[
            {
              value: 'zhejiang',
              label: 'Zhejiang',
              children: [
                {
                  value: 'hangzhou',
                  label: 'Hangzhou',
                },
              ],
            },
          ]}
        />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="DatePicker">
        <DatePicker />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="RangePicker">
        <RangePicker />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="InputNumber">
        <InputNumber />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="TextArea">
        <TextArea rows={4} />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Switch" valuePropName="checked">
        <Switch />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Button">
        <Button>Button</Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default () => <FormDisabledDemo />;

通过 requiredMark 切换必选与可选样式。

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import { InfoCircleOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Button, Form, Input, Radio } from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

type RequiredMark = boolean | 'optional';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();
  const [requiredMark, setRequiredMarkType] = useState<RequiredMark>('optional');

  const onRequiredTypeChange = ({ requiredMarkValue }: { requiredMarkValue: RequiredMark }) => {
    setRequiredMarkType(requiredMarkValue);
  };

  return (
    <Form
      form={form}
      layout="vertical"
      initialValues={{ requiredMarkValue: requiredMark }}
      onValuesChange={onRequiredTypeChange}
      requiredMark={requiredMark}
    >
      <Form.Item label="Required Mark" name="requiredMarkValue">
        <Radio.Group>
          <Radio.Button value="optional">Optional</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value>Required</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value={false}>Hidden</Radio.Button>
        </Radio.Group>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Field A" required tooltip="This is a required field">
        <Input placeholder="input placeholder" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item
        label="Field B"
        tooltip={{ title: 'Tooltip with customize icon', icon: <InfoCircleOutlined /> }}
      >
        <Input placeholder="input placeholder" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item>
        <Button type="primary">Submit</Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

设置表单组件尺寸,仅对 antd 组件有效。

expand codeexpand code
import {
  Button,
  Cascader,
  DatePicker,
  Form,
  Input,
  InputNumber,
  Radio,
  Select,
  Switch,
  TreeSelect,
} from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

type SizeType = Parameters<typeof Form>[0]['size'];

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [componentSize, setComponentSize] = useState<SizeType | 'default'>('default');

  const onFormLayoutChange = ({ size }: { size: SizeType }) => {
    setComponentSize(size);
  };

  return (
    <Form
      labelCol={{ span: 4 }}
      wrapperCol={{ span: 14 }}
      layout="horizontal"
      initialValues={{ size: componentSize }}
      onValuesChange={onFormLayoutChange}
      size={componentSize as SizeType}
    >
      <Form.Item label="Form Size" name="size">
        <Radio.Group>
          <Radio.Button value="small">Small</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="default">Default</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="large">Large</Radio.Button>
        </Radio.Group>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Input">
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Select">
        <Select>
          <Select.Option value="demo">Demo</Select.Option>
        </Select>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="TreeSelect">
        <TreeSelect
          treeData={[
            { title: 'Light', value: 'light', children: [{ title: 'Bamboo', value: 'bamboo' }] },
          ]}
        />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Cascader">
        <Cascader
          options={[
            {
              value: 'zhejiang',
              label: 'Zhejiang',
              children: [
                {
                  value: 'hangzhou',
                  label: 'Hangzhou',
                },
              ],
            },
          ]}
        />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="DatePicker">
        <DatePicker />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="InputNumber">
        <InputNumber />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Switch" valuePropName="checked">
        <Switch />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Button">
        <Button>Button</Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

使用 labelWrap 可以开启 label 换行。

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import { Button, Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const App: React.FC = () => (
  <Form
    name="wrap"
    labelCol={{ flex: '110px' }}
    labelAlign="left"
    labelWrap
    wrapperCol={{ flex: 1 }}
    colon={false}
  >
    <Form.Item label="正常标签文案" name="username" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
      <Input />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="超长标签文案超长标签文案" name="password" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
      <Input />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label=" ">
      <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
        Submit
      </Button>
    </Form.Item>
  </Form>
);

export default App;
4.18.0

rule 添加 warningOnly 后校验不再阻塞表单提交。

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import { Button, Form, Input, message, Space } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();

  const onFinish = () => {
    message.success('Submit success!');
  };

  const onFinishFailed = () => {
    message.error('Submit failed!');
  };

  const onFill = () => {
    form.setFieldsValue({
      url: 'https://taobao.com/',
    });
  };

  return (
    <Form
      form={form}
      layout="vertical"
      onFinish={onFinish}
      onFinishFailed={onFinishFailed}
      autoComplete="off"
    >
      <Form.Item
        name="url"
        label="URL"
        rules={[{ required: true }, { type: 'url', warningOnly: true }, { type: 'string', min: 6 }]}
      >
        <Input placeholder="input placeholder" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item>
        <Space>
          <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
            Submit
          </Button>
          <Button htmlType="button" onClick={onFill}>
            Fill
          </Button>
        </Space>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
4.17.0
Name Value: 

useWatch 允许你监听字段变化,同时仅当改字段变化时重新渲染。API 文档请查阅此处

expand codeexpand code
import React from 'react';
import { Form, Input, InputNumber, Typography } from 'antd';

const Demo = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm<{ name: string; age: number }>();
  const nameValue = Form.useWatch('name', form);

  return (
    <>
      <Form form={form} layout="vertical" autoComplete="off">
        <Form.Item name="name" label="Name (Watch to trigger rerender)">
          <Input />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item name="age" label="Age (Not Watch)">
          <InputNumber />
        </Form.Item>
      </Form>

      <Typography>
        <pre>Name Value: {nameValue}</pre>
      </Typography>
    </>
  );
};

export default Demo;
4.20.0

动态增加、减少表单项。add 方法参数可用于设置初始值。

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import { MinusCircleOutlined, PlusOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Button, Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: {
    xs: { span: 24 },
    sm: { span: 4 },
  },
  wrapperCol: {
    xs: { span: 24 },
    sm: { span: 20 },
  },
};
const formItemLayoutWithOutLabel = {
  wrapperCol: {
    xs: { span: 24, offset: 0 },
    sm: { span: 20, offset: 4 },
  },
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form:', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form name="dynamic_form_item" {...formItemLayoutWithOutLabel} onFinish={onFinish}>
      <Form.List
        name="names"
        rules={[
          {
            validator: async (_, names) => {
              if (!names || names.length < 2) {
                return Promise.reject(new Error('At least 2 passengers'));
              }
            },
          },
        ]}
      >
        {(fields, { add, remove }, { errors }) => (
          <>
            {fields.map((field, index) => (
              <Form.Item
                {...(index === 0 ? formItemLayout : formItemLayoutWithOutLabel)}
                label={index === 0 ? 'Passengers' : ''}
                required={false}
                key={field.key}
              >
                <Form.Item
                  {...field}
                  validateTrigger={['onChange', 'onBlur']}
                  rules={[
                    {
                      required: true,
                      whitespace: true,
                      message: "Please input passenger's name or delete this field.",
                    },
                  ]}
                  noStyle
                >
                  <Input placeholder="passenger name" style={{ width: '60%' }} />
                </Form.Item>
                {fields.length > 1 ? (
                  <MinusCircleOutlined
                    className="dynamic-delete-button"
                    onClick={() => remove(field.name)}
                  />
                ) : null}
              </Form.Item>
            ))}
            <Form.Item>
              <Button
                type="dashed"
                onClick={() => add()}
                style={{ width: '60%' }}
                icon={<PlusOutlined />}
              >
                Add field
              </Button>
              <Button
                type="dashed"
                onClick={() => {
                  add('The head item', 0);
                }}
                style={{ width: '60%', marginTop: '20px' }}
                icon={<PlusOutlined />}
              >
                Add field at head
              </Button>
              <Form.ErrorList errors={errors} />
            </Form.Item>
          </>
        )}
      </Form.List>
      <Form.Item>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
.dynamic-delete-button {
  position: relative;
  top: 4px;
  margin: 0 8px;
  color: #999;
  font-size: 24px;
  cursor: pointer;
  transition: all 0.3s;
}
.dynamic-delete-button:hover {
  color: #777;
}
.dynamic-delete-button[disabled] {
  cursor: not-allowed;
  opacity: 0.5;
}

嵌套表单字段需要对 field 进行拓展,将 field.name 应用于控制字段。

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import { MinusCircleOutlined, PlusOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Button, Form, Input, Space } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form:', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form name="dynamic_form_nest_item" onFinish={onFinish} autoComplete="off">
      <Form.List name="users">
        {(fields, { add, remove }) => (
          <>
            {fields.map(({ key, name, ...restField }) => (
              <Space key={key} style={{ display: 'flex', marginBottom: 8 }} align="baseline">
                <Form.Item
                  {...restField}
                  name={[name, 'first']}
                  rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Missing first name' }]}
                >
                  <Input placeholder="First Name" />
                </Form.Item>
                <Form.Item
                  {...restField}
                  name={[name, 'last']}
                  rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Missing last name' }]}
                >
                  <Input placeholder="Last Name" />
                </Form.Item>
                <MinusCircleOutlined onClick={() => remove(name)} />
              </Space>
            ))}
            <Form.Item>
              <Button type="dashed" onClick={() => add()} block icon={<PlusOutlined />}>
                Add field
              </Button>
            </Form.Item>
          </>
        )}
      </Form.List>
      <Form.Item>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

这个例子演示了一个表单中包含多个表单控件的情况。

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import { MinusCircleOutlined, PlusOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Button, Form, Input, Select, Space } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const areas = [
  { label: 'Beijing', value: 'Beijing' },
  { label: 'Shanghai', value: 'Shanghai' },
];

const sights = {
  Beijing: ['Tiananmen', 'Great Wall'],
  Shanghai: ['Oriental Pearl', 'The Bund'],
};

type SightsKeys = keyof typeof sights;

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();

  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form:', values);
  };

  const handleChange = () => {
    form.setFieldsValue({ sights: [] });
  };

  return (
    <Form form={form} name="dynamic_form_nest_item" onFinish={onFinish} autoComplete="off">
      <Form.Item name="area" label="Area" rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Missing area' }]}>
        <Select options={areas} onChange={handleChange} />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.List name="sights">
        {(fields, { add, remove }) => (
          <>
            {fields.map(field => (
              <Space key={field.key} align="baseline">
                <Form.Item
                  noStyle
                  shouldUpdate={(prevValues, curValues) =>
                    prevValues.area !== curValues.area || prevValues.sights !== curValues.sights
                  }
                >
                  {() => (
                    <Form.Item
                      {...field}
                      label="Sight"
                      name={[field.name, 'sight']}
                      rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Missing sight' }]}
                    >
                      <Select disabled={!form.getFieldValue('area')} style={{ width: 130 }}>
                        {(sights[form.getFieldValue('area') as SightsKeys] || []).map(item => (
                          <Option key={item} value={item}>
                            {item}
                          </Option>
                        ))}
                      </Select>
                    </Form.Item>
                  )}
                </Form.Item>
                <Form.Item
                  {...field}
                  label="Price"
                  name={[field.name, 'price']}
                  rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Missing price' }]}
                >
                  <Input />
                </Form.Item>

                <MinusCircleOutlined onClick={() => remove(field.name)} />
              </Space>
            ))}

            <Form.Item>
              <Button type="dashed" onClick={() => add()} block icon={<PlusOutlined />}>
                Add sights
              </Button>
            </Form.Item>
          </>
        )}
      </Form.List>
      <Form.Item>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

name 属性支持嵌套数据结构。通过 validateMessagesmessage 自定义校验信息模板,模板内容可参考此处

expand codeexpand code
import { Button, Form, Input, InputNumber } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const layout = {
  labelCol: { span: 8 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 16 },
};

/* eslint-disable no-template-curly-in-string */
const validateMessages = {
  required: '${label} is required!',
  types: {
    email: '${label} is not a valid email!',
    number: '${label} is not a valid number!',
  },
  number: {
    range: '${label} must be between ${min} and ${max}',
  },
};
/* eslint-enable no-template-curly-in-string */

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log(values);
  };

  return (
    <Form {...layout} name="nest-messages" onFinish={onFinish} validateMessages={validateMessages}>
      <Form.Item name={['user', 'name']} label="Name" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item name={['user', 'email']} label="Email" rules={[{ type: 'email' }]}>
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item name={['user', 'age']} label="Age" rules={[{ type: 'number', min: 0, max: 99 }]}>
        <InputNumber />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item name={['user', 'website']} label="Website">
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item name={['user', 'introduction']} label="Introduction">
        <Input.TextArea />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item wrapperCol={{ ...layout.wrapperCol, offset: 8 }}>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
Select province

这里演示 Form.Item 内有多个元素的使用方式。<Form.Item name="field" /> 只会对它的直接子元素绑定表单功能,例如直接包裹了 Input/Select。如果控件前后还有一些文案或样式装点,或者一个表单项内有多个控件,你可以使用内嵌的 Form.Item 完成。你可以给 Form.Item 自定义 style 进行内联布局,或者添加 noStyle 作为纯粹的无样式绑定组件(类似 3.x 中的 getFieldDecorator)。

- <Form.Item label="Field" name="field">
-   <Input />
- </Form.Item>
+ <Form.Item label="Field">
+   <Form.Item name="field" noStyle><Input /></Form.Item> // 直接包裹才会绑定表单
+   <span>description</span>
+ </Form.Item>

这里展示了三种典型场景:

  • Username:输入框后面有描述文案或其他组件,在 Form.Item 内使用 <Form.Item name="field" noStyle /> 去绑定对应子控件。

  • Address:有两个控件,在 Form.Item 内使用两个 <Form.Item name="field" noStyle /> 分别绑定对应控件。

  • BirthDate:有两个内联控件,错误信息展示各自控件下,使用两个 <Form.Item name="field" /> 分别绑定对应控件,并修改 style 使其内联布局。

注意,在 label 对应的 Form.Item 上不要在指定 name 属性,这个 Item 只作为布局作用。

更复杂的封装复用方式可以参考下面的 自定义表单控件 演示。

expand codeexpand code
import { Button, Form, Input, Select, Space, Tooltip, Typography } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form: ', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form name="complex-form" onFinish={onFinish} labelCol={{ span: 8 }} wrapperCol={{ span: 16 }}>
      <Form.Item label="Username">
        <Space>
          <Form.Item
            name="username"
            noStyle
            rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Username is required' }]}
          >
            <Input style={{ width: 160 }} placeholder="Please input" />
          </Form.Item>
          <Tooltip title="Useful information">
            <Typography.Link href="#API">Need Help?</Typography.Link>
          </Tooltip>
        </Space>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="Address">
        <Input.Group compact>
          <Form.Item
            name={['address', 'province']}
            noStyle
            rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Province is required' }]}
          >
            <Select placeholder="Select province">
              <Option value="Zhejiang">Zhejiang</Option>
              <Option value="Jiangsu">Jiangsu</Option>
            </Select>
          </Form.Item>
          <Form.Item
            name={['address', 'street']}
            noStyle
            rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Street is required' }]}
          >
            <Input style={{ width: '50%' }} placeholder="Input street" />
          </Form.Item>
        </Input.Group>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label="BirthDate" style={{ marginBottom: 0 }}>
        <Form.Item
          name="year"
          rules={[{ required: true }]}
          style={{ display: 'inline-block', width: 'calc(50% - 8px)' }}
        >
          <Input placeholder="Input birth year" />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item
          name="month"
          rules={[{ required: true }]}
          style={{ display: 'inline-block', width: 'calc(50% - 8px)', margin: '0 8px' }}
        >
          <Input placeholder="Input birth month" />
        </Form.Item>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item label=" " colon={false}>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
RMB

自定义或第三方的表单控件,也可以与 Form 组件一起使用。只要该组件遵循以下的约定:

  • 提供受控属性 value 或其它与 valuePropName 的值同名的属性。

  • 提供 onChange 事件或 trigger 的值同名的事件。

expand codeexpand code
import { Button, Form, Input, Select } from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

type Currency = 'rmb' | 'dollar';

interface PriceValue {
  number?: number;
  currency?: Currency;
}

interface PriceInputProps {
  value?: PriceValue;
  onChange?: (value: PriceValue) => void;
}

const PriceInput: React.FC<PriceInputProps> = ({ value = {}, onChange }) => {
  const [number, setNumber] = useState(0);
  const [currency, setCurrency] = useState<Currency>('rmb');

  const triggerChange = (changedValue: { number?: number; currency?: Currency }) => {
    onChange?.({ number, currency, ...value, ...changedValue });
  };

  const onNumberChange = (e: React.ChangeEvent<HTMLInputElement>) => {
    const newNumber = parseInt(e.target.value || '0', 10);
    if (Number.isNaN(number)) {
      return;
    }
    if (!('number' in value)) {
      setNumber(newNumber);
    }
    triggerChange({ number: newNumber });
  };

  const onCurrencyChange = (newCurrency: Currency) => {
    if (!('currency' in value)) {
      setCurrency(newCurrency);
    }
    triggerChange({ currency: newCurrency });
  };

  return (
    <span>
      <Input
        type="text"
        value={value.number || number}
        onChange={onNumberChange}
        style={{ width: 100 }}
      />
      <Select
        value={value.currency || currency}
        style={{ width: 80, margin: '0 8px' }}
        onChange={onCurrencyChange}
      >
        <Option value="rmb">RMB</Option>
        <Option value="dollar">Dollar</Option>
      </Select>
    </span>
  );
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values from form: ', values);
  };

  const checkPrice = (_: any, value: { number: number }) => {
    if (value.number > 0) {
      return Promise.resolve();
    }
    return Promise.reject(new Error('Price must be greater than zero!'));
  };

  return (
    <Form
      name="customized_form_controls"
      layout="inline"
      onFinish={onFinish}
      initialValues={{
        price: {
          number: 0,
          currency: 'rmb',
        },
      }}
    >
      <Form.Item name="price" label="Price" rules={[{ validator: checkPrice }]}>
        <PriceInput />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Submit
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
[
  {
    "name": [
      "username"
    ],
    "value": "Ant Design"
  }
]

通过 onFieldsChangefields,可以把表单的数据存储到上层组件或者 Reduxdva 中,更多可参考 rc-field-form 示例

注意: 将表单数据存储于外部容器并非好的实践,如无必要请避免使用。

expand codeexpand code
import { Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

interface FieldData {
  name: string | number | (string | number)[];
  value?: any;
  touched?: boolean;
  validating?: boolean;
  errors?: string[];
}

interface CustomizedFormProps {
  onChange: (fields: FieldData[]) => void;
  fields: FieldData[];
}

const CustomizedForm: React.FC<CustomizedFormProps> = ({ onChange, fields }) => (
  <Form
    name="global_state"
    layout="inline"
    fields={fields}
    onFieldsChange={(_, allFields) => {
      onChange(allFields);
    }}
  >
    <Form.Item
      name="username"
      label="Username"
      rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Username is required!' }]}
    >
      <Input />
    </Form.Item>
  </Form>
);

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [fields, setFields] = useState<FieldData[]>([{ name: ['username'], value: 'Ant Design' }]);

  return (
    <>
      <CustomizedForm
        fields={fields}
        onChange={newFields => {
          setFields(newFields);
        }}
      />
      <pre className="language-bash">{JSON.stringify(fields, null, 2)}</pre>
    </>
  );
};

export default App;
( No user yet. )

通过 Form.Provider 在表单间处理数据。本例子中,Modal 的确认按钮在 Form 之外,通过 form.submit 方法调用表单提交功能。反之,则推荐使用 <Button htmlType="submit" /> 调用 web 原生提交逻辑。

expand codeexpand code
import { SmileOutlined, UserOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Avatar, Button, Form, Input, InputNumber, Modal, Typography } from 'antd';
import type { FormInstance } from 'antd/es/form';
import React, { useEffect, useRef, useState } from 'react';

const layout = {
  labelCol: { span: 8 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 16 },
};
const tailLayout = {
  wrapperCol: { offset: 8, span: 16 },
};

interface UserType {
  name: string;
  age: string;
}

interface ModalFormProps {
  visible: boolean;
  onCancel: () => void;
}

// reset form fields when modal is form, closed
const useResetFormOnCloseModal = ({ form, visible }: { form: FormInstance; visible: boolean }) => {
  const prevVisibleRef = useRef<boolean>();
  useEffect(() => {
    prevVisibleRef.current = visible;
  }, [visible]);
  const prevVisible = prevVisibleRef.current;

  useEffect(() => {
    if (!visible && prevVisible) {
      form.resetFields();
    }
  }, [form, prevVisible, visible]);
};

const ModalForm: React.FC<ModalFormProps> = ({ visible, onCancel }) => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();

  useResetFormOnCloseModal({
    form,
    visible,
  });

  const onOk = () => {
    form.submit();
  };

  return (
    <Modal title="Basic Drawer" visible={visible} onOk={onOk} onCancel={onCancel}>
      <Form form={form} layout="vertical" name="userForm">
        <Form.Item name="name" label="User Name" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
          <Input />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item name="age" label="User Age" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
          <InputNumber />
        </Form.Item>
      </Form>
    </Modal>
  );
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [visible, setVisible] = useState(false);

  const showUserModal = () => {
    setVisible(true);
  };

  const hideUserModal = () => {
    setVisible(false);
  };

  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Finish:', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form.Provider
      onFormFinish={(name, { values, forms }) => {
        if (name === 'userForm') {
          const { basicForm } = forms;
          const users = basicForm.getFieldValue('users') || [];
          basicForm.setFieldsValue({ users: [...users, values] });
          setVisible(false);
        }
      }}
    >
      <Form {...layout} name="basicForm" onFinish={onFinish}>
        <Form.Item name="group" label="Group Name" rules={[{ required: true }]}>
          <Input />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item
          label="User List"
          shouldUpdate={(prevValues, curValues) => prevValues.users !== curValues.users}
        >
          {({ getFieldValue }) => {
            const users: UserType[] = getFieldValue('users') || [];
            return users.length ? (
              <ul>
                {users.map((user, index) => (
                  <li key={index} className="user">
                    <Avatar icon={<UserOutlined />} />
                    {user.name} - {user.age}
                  </li>
                ))}
              </ul>
            ) : (
              <Typography.Text className="ant-form-text" type="secondary">
                ( <SmileOutlined /> No user yet. )
              </Typography.Text>
            );
          }}
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item {...tailLayout}>
          <Button htmlType="submit" type="primary">
            Submit
          </Button>
          <Button htmlType="button" style={{ margin: '0 8px' }} onClick={showUserModal}>
            Add User
          </Button>
        </Form.Item>
      </Form>

      <ModalForm visible={visible} onCancel={hideUserModal} />
    </Form.Provider>
  );
};

export default App;
#components-form-demo-form-context .user {
  margin-bottom: 8px;
}

#components-form-demo-form-context .user .ant-avatar {
  margin-right: 8px;
}

.ant-row-rtl #components-form-demo-form-context .user .ant-avatar {
  margin-right: 0;
  margin-left: 8px;
}

内联登录栏,常用在顶部导航栏中。

expand codeexpand code
import { LockOutlined, UserOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Button, Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React, { useEffect, useState } from 'react';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();
  const [, forceUpdate] = useState({});

  // To disable submit button at the beginning.
  useEffect(() => {
    forceUpdate({});
  }, []);

  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Finish:', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form form={form} name="horizontal_login" layout="inline" onFinish={onFinish}>
      <Form.Item
        name="username"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your username!' }]}
      >
        <Input prefix={<UserOutlined className="site-form-item-icon" />} placeholder="Username" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item
        name="password"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your password!' }]}
      >
        <Input
          prefix={<LockOutlined className="site-form-item-icon" />}
          type="password"
          placeholder="Password"
        />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item shouldUpdate>
        {() => (
          <Button
            type="primary"
            htmlType="submit"
            disabled={
              !form.isFieldsTouched(true) ||
              !!form.getFieldsError().filter(({ errors }) => errors.length).length
            }
          >
            Log in
          </Button>
        )}
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

普通的登录框,可以容纳更多的元素。

🛎️ 想要 3 分钟实现?试试 ProForm

expand codeexpand code
import { LockOutlined, UserOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import { Button, Checkbox, Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form: ', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form
      name="normal_login"
      className="login-form"
      initialValues={{ remember: true }}
      onFinish={onFinish}
    >
      <Form.Item
        name="username"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your Username!' }]}
      >
        <Input prefix={<UserOutlined className="site-form-item-icon" />} placeholder="Username" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item
        name="password"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your Password!' }]}
      >
        <Input
          prefix={<LockOutlined className="site-form-item-icon" />}
          type="password"
          placeholder="Password"
        />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item>
        <Form.Item name="remember" valuePropName="checked" noStyle>
          <Checkbox>Remember me</Checkbox>
        </Form.Item>

        <a className="login-form-forgot" href="">
          Forgot password
        </a>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit" className="login-form-button">
          Log in
        </Button>
        Or <a href="">register now!</a>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
#components-form-demo-normal-login .login-form {
  max-width: 300px;
}
#components-form-demo-normal-login .login-form-forgot {
  float: right;
}
#components-form-demo-normal-login .ant-col-rtl .login-form-forgot {
  float: left;
}
#components-form-demo-normal-login .login-form-button {
  width: 100%;
}
Zhejiang / Hangzhou / West Lake
+86
select your gender
We must make sure that your are a human.

用户填写必须的信息以注册新用户。

expand codeexpand code
import {
  AutoComplete,
  Button,
  Cascader,
  Checkbox,
  Col,
  Form,
  Input,
  InputNumber,
  Row,
  Select,
} from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const residences = [
  {
    value: 'zhejiang',
    label: 'Zhejiang',
    children: [
      {
        value: 'hangzhou',
        label: 'Hangzhou',
        children: [
          {
            value: 'xihu',
            label: 'West Lake',
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
  {
    value: 'jiangsu',
    label: 'Jiangsu',
    children: [
      {
        value: 'nanjing',
        label: 'Nanjing',
        children: [
          {
            value: 'zhonghuamen',
            label: 'Zhong Hua Men',
          },
        ],
      },
    ],
  },
];

const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: {
    xs: { span: 24 },
    sm: { span: 8 },
  },
  wrapperCol: {
    xs: { span: 24 },
    sm: { span: 16 },
  },
};
const tailFormItemLayout = {
  wrapperCol: {
    xs: {
      span: 24,
      offset: 0,
    },
    sm: {
      span: 16,
      offset: 8,
    },
  },
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();

  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form: ', values);
  };

  const prefixSelector = (
    <Form.Item name="prefix" noStyle>
      <Select style={{ width: 70 }}>
        <Option value="86">+86</Option>
        <Option value="87">+87</Option>
      </Select>
    </Form.Item>
  );

  const suffixSelector = (
    <Form.Item name="suffix" noStyle>
      <Select style={{ width: 70 }}>
        <Option value="USD">$</Option>
        <Option value="CNY">¥</Option>
      </Select>
    </Form.Item>
  );

  const [autoCompleteResult, setAutoCompleteResult] = useState<string[]>([]);

  const onWebsiteChange = (value: string) => {
    if (!value) {
      setAutoCompleteResult([]);
    } else {
      setAutoCompleteResult(['.com', '.org', '.net'].map(domain => `${value}${domain}`));
    }
  };

  const websiteOptions = autoCompleteResult.map(website => ({
    label: website,
    value: website,
  }));

  return (
    <Form
      {...formItemLayout}
      form={form}
      name="register"
      onFinish={onFinish}
      initialValues={{
        residence: ['zhejiang', 'hangzhou', 'xihu'],
        prefix: '86',
      }}
      scrollToFirstError
    >
      <Form.Item
        name="email"
        label="E-mail"
        rules={[
          {
            type: 'email',
            message: 'The input is not valid E-mail!',
          },
          {
            required: true,
            message: 'Please input your E-mail!',
          },
        ]}
      >
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="password"
        label="Password"
        rules={[
          {
            required: true,
            message: 'Please input your password!',
          },
        ]}
        hasFeedback
      >
        <Input.Password />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="confirm"
        label="Confirm Password"
        dependencies={['password']}
        hasFeedback
        rules={[
          {
            required: true,
            message: 'Please confirm your password!',
          },
          ({ getFieldValue }) => ({
            validator(_, value) {
              if (!value || getFieldValue('password') === value) {
                return Promise.resolve();
              }
              return Promise.reject(new Error('The two passwords that you entered do not match!'));
            },
          }),
        ]}
      >
        <Input.Password />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="nickname"
        label="Nickname"
        tooltip="What do you want others to call you?"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your nickname!', whitespace: true }]}
      >
        <Input />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="residence"
        label="Habitual Residence"
        rules={[
          { type: 'array', required: true, message: 'Please select your habitual residence!' },
        ]}
      >
        <Cascader options={residences} />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="phone"
        label="Phone Number"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input your phone number!' }]}
      >
        <Input addonBefore={prefixSelector} style={{ width: '100%' }} />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="donation"
        label="Donation"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input donation amount!' }]}
      >
        <InputNumber addonAfter={suffixSelector} style={{ width: '100%' }} />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="website"
        label="Website"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input website!' }]}
      >
        <AutoComplete options={websiteOptions} onChange={onWebsiteChange} placeholder="website">
          <Input />
        </AutoComplete>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="intro"
        label="Intro"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input Intro' }]}
      >
        <Input.TextArea showCount maxLength={100} />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="gender"
        label="Gender"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please select gender!' }]}
      >
        <Select placeholder="select your gender">
          <Option value="male">Male</Option>
          <Option value="female">Female</Option>
          <Option value="other">Other</Option>
        </Select>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item label="Captcha" extra="We must make sure that your are a human.">
        <Row gutter={8}>
          <Col span={12}>
            <Form.Item
              name="captcha"
              noStyle
              rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input the captcha you got!' }]}
            >
              <Input />
            </Form.Item>
          </Col>
          <Col span={12}>
            <Button>Get captcha</Button>
          </Col>
        </Row>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="agreement"
        valuePropName="checked"
        rules={[
          {
            validator: (_, value) =>
              value ? Promise.resolve() : Promise.reject(new Error('Should accept agreement')),
          },
        ]}
        {...tailFormItemLayout}
      >
        <Checkbox>
          I have read the <a href="">agreement</a>
        </Checkbox>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item {...tailFormItemLayout}>
        <Button type="primary" htmlType="submit">
          Register
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;

当用户访问一个展示了某个列表的页面,想新建一项但又不想跳转页面时,可以用 Modal 弹出一个表单,用户填写必要信息后创建新的项。

🛎️ 想要 3 分钟实现?试试 ProForm 的 Modal 表单

expand codeexpand code
import { Button, Form, Input, Modal, Radio } from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

interface Values {
  title: string;
  description: string;
  modifier: string;
}

interface CollectionCreateFormProps {
  visible: boolean;
  onCreate: (values: Values) => void;
  onCancel: () => void;
}

const CollectionCreateForm: React.FC<CollectionCreateFormProps> = ({
  visible,
  onCreate,
  onCancel,
}) => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();
  return (
    <Modal
      visible={visible}
      title="Create a new collection"
      okText="Create"
      cancelText="Cancel"
      onCancel={onCancel}
      onOk={() => {
        form
          .validateFields()
          .then(values => {
            form.resetFields();
            onCreate(values);
          })
          .catch(info => {
            console.log('Validate Failed:', info);
          });
      }}
    >
      <Form
        form={form}
        layout="vertical"
        name="form_in_modal"
        initialValues={{ modifier: 'public' }}
      >
        <Form.Item
          name="title"
          label="Title"
          rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please input the title of collection!' }]}
        >
          <Input />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item name="description" label="Description">
          <Input type="textarea" />
        </Form.Item>
        <Form.Item name="modifier" className="collection-create-form_last-form-item">
          <Radio.Group>
            <Radio value="public">Public</Radio>
            <Radio value="private">Private</Radio>
          </Radio.Group>
        </Form.Item>
      </Form>
    </Modal>
  );
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [visible, setVisible] = useState(false);

  const onCreate = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form: ', values);
    setVisible(false);
  };

  return (
    <div>
      <Button
        type="primary"
        onClick={() => {
          setVisible(true);
        }}
      >
        New Collection
      </Button>
      <CollectionCreateForm
        visible={visible}
        onCreate={onCreate}
        onCancel={() => {
          setVisible(false);
        }}
      />
    </div>
  );
};

export default App;
.collection-create-form_last-form-item {
  margin-bottom: 0;
}
A prime is a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself.

Form 具有自动收集数据并校验的功能,但如果您不需要这个功能,或者默认的行为无法满足业务需求,可以选择自行处理数据。

expand codeexpand code
import { Form, InputNumber } from 'antd';
import React, { useState } from 'react';

type ValidateStatus = Parameters<typeof Form.Item>[0]['validateStatus'];

const validatePrimeNumber = (
  number: number,
): {
  validateStatus: ValidateStatus;
  errorMsg: string | null;
} => {
  if (number === 11) {
    return {
      validateStatus: 'success',
      errorMsg: null,
    };
  }
  return {
    validateStatus: 'error',
    errorMsg: 'The prime between 8 and 12 is 11!',
  };
};

const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: { span: 7 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 12 },
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [number, setNumber] = useState<{
    value: number;
    validateStatus?: ValidateStatus;
    errorMsg?: string | null;
  }>({
    value: 11,
  });

  const tips =
    'A prime is a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself.';

  const onNumberChange = (value: number) => {
    setNumber({
      ...validatePrimeNumber(value),
      value,
    });
  };

  return (
    <Form>
      <Form.Item
        {...formItemLayout}
        label="Prime between 8 & 12"
        validateStatus={number.validateStatus}
        help={number.errorMsg || tips}
      >
        <InputNumber min={8} max={12} value={number.value} onChange={onNumberChange} />
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
I'm Select
I'm Cascader
I'm TreeSelect
-

我们提供了 validateStatus help hasFeedback 等属性,你可以不通过 Form 自己定义校验的时机和内容。

  1. validateStatus: 校验状态,可选 'success', 'warning', 'error', 'validating'。

  2. hasFeedback:用于给输入框添加反馈图标。

  3. help:设置校验文案。

expand codeexpand code
import { SmileOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import {
  Cascader,
  DatePicker,
  Form,
  Input,
  InputNumber,
  Mentions,
  Select,
  TimePicker,
  TreeSelect,
} from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: {
    xs: { span: 24 },
    sm: { span: 6 },
  },
  wrapperCol: {
    xs: { span: 24 },
    sm: { span: 14 },
  },
};

const App: React.FC = () => (
  <Form {...formItemLayout}>
    <Form.Item
      label="Fail"
      validateStatus="error"
      help="Should be combination of numbers & alphabets"
    >
      <Input placeholder="unavailable choice" id="error" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Warning" validateStatus="warning">
      <Input placeholder="Warning" id="warning" prefix={<SmileOutlined />} />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item
      label="Validating"
      hasFeedback
      validateStatus="validating"
      help="The information is being validated..."
    >
      <Input placeholder="I'm the content is being validated" id="validating" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Success" hasFeedback validateStatus="success">
      <Input placeholder="I'm the content" id="success" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Warning" hasFeedback validateStatus="warning">
      <Input placeholder="Warning" id="warning2" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item
      label="Fail"
      hasFeedback
      validateStatus="error"
      help="Should be combination of numbers & alphabets"
    >
      <Input placeholder="unavailable choice" id="error2" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Success" hasFeedback validateStatus="success">
      <DatePicker style={{ width: '100%' }} />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Warning" hasFeedback validateStatus="warning">
      <TimePicker style={{ width: '100%' }} />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Error" hasFeedback validateStatus="error">
      <DatePicker.RangePicker style={{ width: '100%' }} />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Error" hasFeedback validateStatus="error">
      <Select placeholder="I'm Select" allowClear>
        <Option value="1">Option 1</Option>
        <Option value="2">Option 2</Option>
        <Option value="3">Option 3</Option>
      </Select>
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item
      label="Validating"
      hasFeedback
      validateStatus="error"
      help="Something breaks the rule."
    >
      <Cascader placeholder="I'm Cascader" options={[{ value: 'xx', label: 'xx' }]} allowClear />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Warning" hasFeedback validateStatus="warning" help="Need to be checked">
      <TreeSelect
        placeholder="I'm TreeSelect"
        treeData={[{ value: 'xx', label: 'xx' }]}
        allowClear
      />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="inline" style={{ marginBottom: 0 }}>
      <Form.Item
        validateStatus="error"
        help="Please select right date"
        style={{ display: 'inline-block', width: 'calc(50% - 12px)' }}
      >
        <DatePicker />
      </Form.Item>
      <span
        style={{ display: 'inline-block', width: '24px', lineHeight: '32px', textAlign: 'center' }}
      >
        -
      </span>
      <Form.Item style={{ display: 'inline-block', width: 'calc(50% - 12px)' }}>
        <DatePicker />
      </Form.Item>
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Success" hasFeedback validateStatus="success">
      <InputNumber style={{ width: '100%' }} />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Success" hasFeedback validateStatus="success">
      <Input allowClear placeholder="with allowClear" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Warning" hasFeedback validateStatus="warning">
      <Input.Password placeholder="with input password" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Error" hasFeedback validateStatus="error">
      <Input.Password allowClear placeholder="with input password and allowClear" />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Fail" validateStatus="error" hasFeedback>
      <Mentions />
    </Form.Item>

    <Form.Item label="Fail" validateStatus="error" hasFeedback help="Should have something">
      <Input.TextArea allowClear showCount />
    </Form.Item>
  </Form>
);

export default App;

根据不同情况执行不同的校验规则。

expand codeexpand code
import { Button, Checkbox, Form, Input } from 'antd';
import React, { useEffect, useState } from 'react';

const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: { span: 4 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 8 },
};

const formTailLayout = {
  labelCol: { span: 4 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 8, offset: 4 },
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const [form] = Form.useForm();
  const [checkNick, setCheckNick] = useState(false);

  useEffect(() => {
    form.validateFields(['nickname']);
  }, [checkNick, form]);

  const onCheckboxChange = (e: { target: { checked: boolean } }) => {
    setCheckNick(e.target.checked);
  };

  const onCheck = async () => {
    try {
      const values = await form.validateFields();
      console.log('Success:', values);
    } catch (errorInfo) {
      console.log('Failed:', errorInfo);
    }
  };

  return (
    <Form form={form} name="dynamic_rule">
      <Form.Item
        {...formItemLayout}
        name="username"
        label="Name"
        rules={[
          {
            required: true,
            message: 'Please input your name',
          },
        ]}
      >
        <Input placeholder="Please input your name" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item
        {...formItemLayout}
        name="nickname"
        label="Nickname"
        rules={[
          {
            required: checkNick,
            message: 'Please input your nickname',
          },
        ]}
      >
        <Input placeholder="Please input your nickname" />
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item {...formTailLayout}>
        <Checkbox checked={checkNick} onChange={onCheckboxChange}>
          Nickname is required
        </Checkbox>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item {...formTailLayout}>
        <Button type="primary" onClick={onCheck}>
          Check
        </Button>
      </Form.Item>
    </Form>
  );
};

export default App;
China
Please select a country
machines
ABCDEF
longgggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg

Click or drag file to this area to upload

Support for a single or bulk upload.

以上演示没有出现的表单控件对应的校验演示。

expand codeexpand code
import { InboxOutlined, UploadOutlined } from '@ant-design/icons';
import {
  Button,
  Checkbox,
  Col,
  Form,
  InputNumber,
  Radio,
  Rate,
  Row,
  Select,
  Slider,
  Switch,
  Upload,
} from 'antd';
import React from 'react';

const { Option } = Select;

const formItemLayout = {
  labelCol: { span: 6 },
  wrapperCol: { span: 14 },
};

const normFile = (e: any) => {
  console.log('Upload event:', e);
  if (Array.isArray(e)) {
    return e;
  }
  return e?.fileList;
};

const App: React.FC = () => {
  const onFinish = (values: any) => {
    console.log('Received values of form: ', values);
  };

  return (
    <Form
      name="validate_other"
      {...formItemLayout}
      onFinish={onFinish}
      initialValues={{
        'input-number': 3,
        'checkbox-group': ['A', 'B'],
        rate: 3.5,
      }}
    >
      <Form.Item label="Plain Text">
        <span className="ant-form-text">China</span>
      </Form.Item>
      <Form.Item
        name="select"
        label="Select"
        hasFeedback
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please select your country!' }]}
      >
        <Select placeholder="Please select a country">
          <Option value="china">China</Option>
          <Option value="usa">U.S.A</Option>
        </Select>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="select-multiple"
        label="Select[multiple]"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please select your favourite colors!', type: 'array' }]}
      >
        <Select mode="multiple" placeholder="Please select favourite colors">
          <Option value="red">Red</Option>
          <Option value="green">Green</Option>
          <Option value="blue">Blue</Option>
        </Select>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item label="InputNumber">
        <Form.Item name="input-number" noStyle>
          <InputNumber min={1} max={10} />
        </Form.Item>
        <span className="ant-form-text"> machines</span>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item name="switch" label="Switch" valuePropName="checked">
        <Switch />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item name="slider" label="Slider">
        <Slider
          marks={{
            0: 'A',
            20: 'B',
            40: 'C',
            60: 'D',
            80: 'E',
            100: 'F',
          }}
        />
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item name="radio-group" label="Radio.Group">
        <Radio.Group>
          <Radio value="a">item 1</Radio>
          <Radio value="b">item 2</Radio>
          <Radio value="c">item 3</Radio>
        </Radio.Group>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item
        name="radio-button"
        label="Radio.Button"
        rules={[{ required: true, message: 'Please pick an item!' }]}
      >
        <Radio.Group>
          <Radio.Button value="a">item 1</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="b">item 2</Radio.Button>
          <Radio.Button value="c">item 3</Radio.Button>
        </Radio.Group>
      </Form.Item>

      <Form.Item name="checkbox-group" label="Checkbox.Group">
        <Checkbox.Group>
          <Row>
            <Col span={8}>
              <Checkbox value="A" style={{ lineHeight: '32px' }}>
                A
              </Checkbox>
            </Col>
            <Col span={8}>
              <Checkbox value="B" style={{ lineHeight: '32px' }} disabled>
                B
              </Checkbox>
            </Col>
            <Col span={8}>
              <Checkbox value="C" style={{ lineHeight: '32px' }}>
                C
              </Checkbox>
            </Col>
            <Col span={8}>
              <Checkbox value="D" style={{ lineHeight: '32px' }}>
                D
              </Checkbox>
            </Col>
            <Col span={8}>
              <Checkbox value